Mark A. Berman is Chair of HDRB&B’s Litigation and White-Collar Criminal Defense Groups. He has 30 years of experience as a trial attorney and appellate litigator.  Mark represents individual, corporate, and government clients in a wide range of cases, including complex business litigation, federal criminal defense, oppressed shareholder disputes, trusts & estates litigation, ADA lawsuits, employment litigation, professional malpractice defense, and defamation actions.  He is admitted to practice in multiple federal district and circuit courts and in the States of New Jersey, New York, and Vermont.

Mark routinely works with (and against) other large firms and many of his cases have been national and international in scope.  For the past 13 years, Mark has been selected to the list of “Top 100” Super Lawyers® in New Jersey. Since 2021, Mark also has been recognized by “The Best Lawyers in America®.”

Mark has tried cases to verdict in the District of New Jersey, the Southern and Eastern Districts of New York, and the District of Massachusetts. He has briefed over 50 appeals in the U.S. Courts of Appeals for the Second Circuit, Third Circuit, Fourth Circuit, Seventh Circuit, and Federal Circuit, the New Jersey Supreme Court, and the New Jersey and New York Appellate Divisions. He has handled federal cases in New Jersey, the Southern, Eastern, Western and Northern Districts of New York, the Eastern and Western Districts of Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, the Eastern District of Michigan, the Northern and Southern Districts of Illinois, the District of Columbia, the Central District of California, and South Carolina.

Mark serves as a trustee of the Association of the Federal Bar of New Jersey. For over 20 years, he has been selected by the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey to serve on its Criminal Justice Act (CJA) Panel representing indigent federal criminal defendants. He also is regularly appointed to handle CJA appeals by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, including two appeals in death penalty prosecutions.

After graduating from Columbia University Law School, Mark clerked for the Honorable Leonard I. Garth on the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, and then joined Weil, Gotshal & Manges, in New York City, as a litigation associate. Prior to joining HDRB&B, Mark was a partner at Gibbons, P.C., one of New Jersey’s largest and most-respected law firms. During his tenure at Gibbons, he served as the firm’s hiring partner and as staffing partner for the White-Collar Criminal Law Department.

Mark holds a master’s degree in Public International Law from the Fletcher School of Law & Diplomacy at Tufts University. He is proficient in Hebrew and has represented the State of Israel and several Israeli high-tech and other companies in connection with U.S. legal matters. Previously, he represented the government of Ecuador in connection with the death penalty prosecution of one of its nationals in New Jersey, and he represented a Qatari national, Ali Salah Kalah al-Marri, one of three individuals designated in the United States as an “enemy combatant” in the immediate aftermath of the September 11 attacks, who was incarcerated in the Naval Consolidated Brig in North Charleston, South Carolina, in a case that challenged the President’s authority to order the military detention of an individual present in the United States. Mark also represented al-Marri’s brother, Jarallah, who was arrested in Afghanistan and detained at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (GITMO) for several years before being released.

Mark and the firm provide pro bono representation to worthwhile causes. For example, Mark has offered general counsel to Pony Power Therapies, Inc. (a nonprofit organization that uses horses and an accessible farm to enhance the physical, social and emotional well-being of children and adults who need extra support), the Community Alliance for Jewish-Affiliated Cemeteries (which works to restore and sustain Jewish Cemeteries in the New York Tri-State area), and several organic farms and related ventures in New York State.

Professional Affiliations

  • Association of the Federal Bar of New Jersey, Trustee, 2019 – Present
  • Criminal Justice Act (CJA) Panel, District of New Jersey, 2001 – 2006, 2009 – Present
  • Vermont Bar Association
  • New Jersey Bar Association
  • New Jersey Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers
  • National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers
  • Cornelian Community Counselors, Inc., Trustee, 2004 – 2006
  • Adjunct Professor of Law, Seton Hall University School of Law, 1999 – 2002
  • Columbia Law School Association of New Jersey
    • Vice President, 2006 – 2009
    • Treasurer, 2003 – 2006
    • Secretary, 2001 – 2003
    • Trustee, 1998 – 2001

Honors & Awards

  • Listed in Super Lawyers®
    • “Top 100” New Jersey Super Lawyers®, 2011 – 2024
    • New Jersey Criminal Defense: White Collar, 2008 – 2024
    • New York Metro, 2018-2023
  • Listed in Best Lawyers in America®, 2021-2024
    • Criminal Defense – White-Collar Litigation
    • Commercial Litigation
    • Appellate Practice
  • AV® Preeminent™ Rating, Martindale Hubbell
  • New Jersey Law Journal, “40 Under 40: Lawyers to Watch in the Next Decade,” 2007
  • Bergen Magazine, “Top Lawyers Criminal Defense”, 2018-2022
  • Bergen Magazine, “Top Lawyers Appellate Law”, 2018-2020

Awards Methodology

No aspect of this advertisement has been approved by the Supreme Court of New Jersey,


  • Federal Courts Are Failing Criminal Defendants in New Jersey” N.J.L.J, January 12, 2022
  • “Search and Seizure in the Poritz Court: States’ Rights or Right Turn?” 233 N.J. Lawyer 11, April 2005
  • “Does a Criminal Conspiracy End Once Its Objective Has Been Frustrated by Government Intervention?” Preview of U.S. Sup. Ct. Cases, October 28, 2002
  • “When is a New Rule of Constitutional Law ‘Made’ Retroactive By the Supreme Court Under the AEDPA?” Preview of U.S. Sup. Ct. Cases, April 10, 2001
  • “Rediscovering The Right To ‘Consul’,” 151 N.J.L.J. 932, 1998
  • “Kosher Fraud Statutes and the Establishment Clause: Are They Kosher?” 26 Colum. J.L. & Soc Probs. 1992
  • “Yehoshafat Harkabi and the Arab-Israeli Conflict,” 15 Fletcher F. World Aff. 147, 1991

Representative Matters

Federal Criminal Cases

  • Obtained acquittal of the former Director of Maintenance of Platinum Jet Management, a Florida charter jet company, on federal charges arising from the crash of a charter jet at Teterboro Airport, including conspiracy to violate FAA regulations, false statements, and endangering an aircraft; the remaining defendants who went to trial were convicted (D.N.J.).
  • Represented military contractor in federal SBA 8(a) procurement fraud and False Claims Act investigation resulting in non-prosecution (S.D.N.Y.).
  • Served as pool counsel for multiple pharmaceutical company executives in connection with federal criminal investigation relating to the marketing of the pain-reliever Vioxx (D. Mass.).
  • Represent pharmacy employee charged with federal healthcare fraud (E.D. Mich. / D.N.J.).
  • Represent pharmacy CEO charged with federal healthcare fraud and Anti-Kickback Statute offenses arising from the marketing of compounding pharmacy products (D.N.J.).
  • Represent marketing company president in connection with federal criminal investigation of marketing violations in the wholesale pharmaceutical space (S.D.N.Y.).
  • Obtained acquittal of former Vice President of Sales for Serono, Inc., in federal court in Boston on an eight-count federal healthcare fraud and Anti-Kickback Statute indictment. Serono had previously settled similar charges with the government for over $700 million dollars (D. Mass.).
  • Obtained acquittal on federal Anti-Kickback Statute charges against doctor charged with taking a fee for prescribing specialized blood test (D.N.J.).
  • Represented Fyre Media, Inc. and Fyre Festival, LLC in connection with federal criminal investigations of the Fyre Festival (S.D.N.Y / S.E.C.).
  • Serve as pool counsel for firm employees in connection with federal criminal investigations of Archegos Capital Management (S.D.N.Y. / S.E.C.).
  • Represented healthcare executive in connection with federal insider trading investigation, resulting in no charges being filed (S.E.C.).
  • Defended Vice President of Indiana medical device manufacturer in federal criminal investigation of possible violations of the federal Anti-Kickback Statute (D.N.J.).
  • Defended former Deputy Chief of the Philippines National Police who, together with a former aide to Vice Presidents Gore and Cheney, was charged by the U.S. Attorney’s Office with spying in the U.S. on behalf of opposition politicians in the Philippines (D.N.J.).

Federal Civil Cases

  • Won summary judgment for women’s swimsuit company in federal copyright infringement lawsuit, and affirmed on appeal (C.D. Cal./S.D.N.Y./2d Cir.).
  • Obtained dismissal of Torture Victim Protection Act claim filed against Israeli officials, and affirmed on appeal (S.D.N.Y./2d Cir.).
  • Defended former Senior Vice President for Medical & Scientific Affairs and Chief Medical Officer, in the U.S. Human Health Division of Merck, Inc., named as an individual defendant in multiple federal and state product liability lawsuits arising out of plaintiffs’ alleged use of the pain-reliever, Vioxx (E.D. La./D. Mass.).
  • Defended energy company in employment disability discrimination lawsuit (D.N.J.).
  • Won summary judgment for nursing home in qui tam lawsuit alleging healthcare fraud (D.N.J.).
  • Obtained dismissal of claims against Israel Rabbinical Courts based on foreign sovereign immunity (D.N.J.).
  • Represented Israeli hi-tech company in connection with a third-party subpoena served in an FTC lawsuit relating to flaws in private company’s routers (N.D. Cal.).
  • Co-counsel for group of bank underwriters in securities lawsuits filed against Valeant Pharmaceuticals (D.N.J.).
  • Obtained favorable trial verdict on behalf of defendant in admiralty and family shareholder dispute regarding ownership of Liberian shipping company, and affirmed on appeal (S.D.N.Y./2d Circuit).
  • Obtained summary judgment on behalf of a German bank in connection with the enforcement of an un-perfected standby letter of credit, and affirmed on appeal (S.D.N.Y./2d Circuit).
  • Defended former university professor in $150 million patent and breach of contract lawsuit filed by St. John’s University (E.D.N.Y.).
  • Won motion to vacate employment dispute settlement agreement involving Fordham University (S.D.N.Y.).
  • Defended medical device manufacturer in a Sherman Act antitrust and Lanham Act unfair competition lawsuit filed by its major competitor in the bone cement market (N.D. Ill.).
  • Obtained “no cause” jury verdict for Polo Ralph Lauren Corp. in a Section 1983 civil rights lawsuit (D.N.J.).
  • Defended pharmaceutical company in the Pharmaceutical AWP Multi- District Litigation (D. Mass.)
  • Defended pharmaceutical company executives in U.S. Department of Justice and European Union antitrust investigation, and related civil litigation, relating to alleged price-fixing in the animal vitamin industry (D.D.C).
  • Represented steel retailer against interstate hauler in lawsuit involving damage to multi-million dollar crane system (E.D.N.Y.).

State Civil Cases

  • Won motion to dismiss claims against Israel Rabbinical Courts officials on sovereign immunity grounds, and affirmed on appeal (N.J.).
  • Won motion to dismiss fraud claims against Florida attorney sued in New Jersey, for lack of personal jurisdiction, and motion for imposition of sanctions against plaintiff and plaintiff’s counsel (N.J.).
  • Won summary judgment for Pennsylvania bank in lawsuit filed by prior counsel seeking enforcement of fee agreement, and affirmed on appeal (N.J.)
  • Won directed verdict in favor of real estate holding company shareholder in tenant lawsuit alleging fraudulent inducement, tortious interference, and breach of contract, and won post-trial motion for frivolous litigation sanctions against plaintiff and plaintiff’s counsel (N.J.).
  • Won trial verdict on behalf wireless technology company in lawsuit alleging breach of contract, fraud, and failure to pay wages (N.J.).
  • Won summary judgment in favor of CEO of healthcare laboratory in salesman’s lawsuit alleging civil conspiracy, fraud, conversion, unjust enrichment, and breach of contract (N.J.).
  • Counsel for outside human resources company seeking to enforce restrictive covenant in contract with U.S. subsidiary of Swiss company (N.J.).
  • Defended owner in oppressed shareholder lawsuit filed by key executive who accepted position with company client (N.J.).
  • Favorably settled and then won motion to enforce settlement between Fortune 500 commodities corporation and former owner/executive of corporate subsidiary (N.J.).
  • Defended private elementary school in case alleging negligence and Consumer Fraud Act violations arising from alleged mistreatment of students (N.J.).
  • Trial and appellate counsel for trust beneficiary challenging improper decanting of trust assets under New York decanting statute (NY EPTL § 10-6.6) (N.J.).
  • Won summary judgment for defendant in defamation action filed by disgruntled family member in context of estate dispute (N.Y.).
  • Counsel for sibling in multi-million dollar will contest (Rockland County, N.Y.).
  • Won appeal reversing denial of motion to compel arbitration in shareholder dispute involving Asbury Park restaurant (N.J. App. Div.).
  • Counsel for 50% owner of information technology company in shareholder oppression action in N.Y. Commercial Division (N.Y.).
  • Lead counsel for executors seeking to recover funds pocketed by deceased’s assistant through manipulation of joint account (N.Y.).
  • Defense of Canadian citizen and corporations in FDIC receiver lawsuit alleging bank fraud (N.J.).
  • Won verdict in favor of surviving spouse against husband’s estate in lawsuit alleging fraudulent estate planning (N.J.).
  • Won dismissal of N.J. civil fraud complaint against deceased NYC art appraiser on personal jurisdiction and statute of limitations grounds (N.J.).
  • Defense of commercial landlord in multi-million dollar lease dispute with long-time corporate tenant (N.J.).
  • Lead counsel in AAA arbitration hearing on behalf of Florida gaming company involved in ownership dispute with former shareholder (Fla.).
  • Prosecution of oppressed shareholder dispute involving multi-million dollar NJ gaming company (N.J.).
  • Defense of building contractor in AAA arbitration alleging violation of the NJ Consumer Fraud Act, defeating claim for treble damages (N.J.).

Representative Decisions

United States v. Savage, 85 F.4th 102 (3d Cir. 2023)
VR Optics, LLC v. Peloton Interactive, Inc., No. 2021-1900, 2023 WL 2031213 (Fed. Cir. Feb. 16, 2023)
Hyman v. Rosenbaum Yeshiva of NJ, 474 N.J. Super. 561 (App. Div. 2023)
Appel v. Cohen, No. 22-170, 2023 WL 1431691 (2d Cir. Feb. 1, 2023)
Ferrarini v. Irgit, No. 21-597-CV, 2022 WL 1739725 (2d Cir. May 31, 2022)
United States v. Peterson, Crim. No. 19-20652, 2022 WL 4299405 (E.D. Mich. Sep. 19, 2022)
United States v. Chu, Crim. No. 19-0678-WJM, 2022 WL 476615 (D.N.J. Feb. 16, 2022)
United States v. Roberts, Crim. No. 19-134, 2022 WL 92863 (D.N.J. Jan. 10, 2022)
Kenshoo, Inc. v. Aragon Advertising, LLC, 586 F. Supp.4th 177 (E.D.N.Y. 2022)
HUNY & BH Assocs., Inc. v. Silberberg, No. A-1696-17, 2021 WL 6109385 (N.J. Super. Ct. App. Div. Dec. 27, 2021)
Basil Law Group, PC v. Noah Bank
, No. A-2198-20, 2022 WL 2132267 (N.J. Super. Ct. App. Div. June 14, 2022)
United States v. Chu, Crim. No. 19-0678-WJM, 2021 WL 5997985 (D.N.J. Dec. 20, 2021)
JKAYC, LLC v. Noah Bank, No. 20-CV-943 (PKC) (SMG), 2021 WL 4893677 (E.D.N.Y. Oct. 20, 2021)
Appel v. Hayut, No. 20 CIV. 6265 (JPC), 2021 WL 2689059 (S.D.N.Y. June 30, 2021)
Ferrarini v. Irgit, No. 19 CIV. 0096 (LGS), 2021 WL 638771 (S.D.N.Y. Feb. 17, 2021)
Towne Realty Group v. NRK of NJ, Docket No. A-5204-18T2, 2021 WL 28096 (N.J. App. Div. Jan. 5, 2021)
United States v. Hernandez-Zozaya, 826 Fed. App’x 144 (3d Cir. 2020)
United States v. Andover Subacute & Rehab Ctr. Servs. One
, Civil Action No. 12-3310 (SDW), 2020 WL 7640535 (D.N.J. Dec. 22, 2020)
MFC Resources, Inc. v. Estate of Homann, No. A-5698-17T2, 2020 WL 2563105 (N.J. Super. Ct. App. Div.  May 21, 2020)
Ferrarini v. Irgit, Civil Action No. 19-0096 (LGS), 2020 WL 122987 (S.D.N.Y. Jan. 9, 2020)
United States v. Andover Subacute & Rehab Ctr. Servs. One, Civil Action No. 12-3310 (SDW), 2019 WL 4686963 (D.N.J. Sep. 26, 2019)
Sea Trade Maritime Corp. v. Coutsodontis, 744 F. App’x 721, 2018 WL 3752229 (2d Cir. 2018)
Ben-Haim v. Edri, et al
, 453 N.J. Super. 526 (App. Div. 2018)
Ferrarini v. Irgit
, CV-18-5250-FMO (GJSx), 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 222787 (C.D. Cal. Dec. 28, 2018)
Vazquez v. United States
, 702 Fed. App’x 50 (3d Cir. Jul. 18, 2017)
Learning Community Charter Sch. v. BOE of Jersey City, Docket No. A-5551-14T3, 2017 WL 4051732 (N.J. App. Div. Sep. 14, 2017)
MFC Resources, Inc. v. Homann
, Docket No. A-3866-14T3, 2017 WL 2953711 (N.J. App. Div. Jul. 11, 2017)
Mago Int’l v. LHB AG, 833 F.3d 270 (2d Cir. 2016)
Johnson v. Fordham Univ.
, 2016 WL 450424 (S.D.N.Y. Feb. 4, 2016)
United States v. Lee
, 634 Fed. App’x 862 (3d Cir. Dec. 8, 2015)
Gastelu v. Martin
, Docket No. A-0049-14T2, 2014 WL 10044913 (N.J. App. Div. Jul. 9, 2015)
Gibbs v Shannon
, 618 Fed. App’x 59 (3d Cir. Ju. 2, 2015)
Wultz v. Bank of China,
 304 F.R.D. 38 (D.D.C. 2014)
Mago Int’l LLC v. LHB AG, Civil No. 13-3370 (CM), 2014 WL 2800751 (S.D.N.Y. Jun 18, 2014)
United States v. Ottaviano, 738 F.3d 586 (3d Cir. 2013)
United States v. Ugwu, Docket Nos. 11-1890 and 11-2584, 539 Fed App’x 35 (3d Cir. Sep. 4, 2013)
Mutual Pharm. Co. v. Goldman, 2012 WL 2594250 (E.D. Pa. July 3, 2012)
United States v. Baskerville, 448 Fed. App’x 243 (3d Cir. Oct. 13, 2011)
United States v. Pettiway, 429 Fed. App’x 132 (3d Cir. May 27, 2011)
United States v. Kelly, 403 Fed. App’x 722 (3d Cir. Dec. 7, 2010)
United States v. Munoz, 385 Fed. App’x 173 (3d Cir. Jun. 30, 2010)
St. Johns University v. Bolton, 757 F. Supp.2d 144 (E.D.N.Y. 2010)
In re Extradition of Aquino, 697 F. Supp.2d 586 (D.N.J. 2010)
United States v. Brassington, Crim. No. 09-CR-45 (DMC), 2010 WL 3982036 (D.N.J. Oct. 8, 2010)
Solheim v. Weber, 889 N.Y.S.2d 867 (2d Dep’t 2009)
United States v. Aquino, 555 F.3d 124 (3d Cir. 2009)
al-Marri v. Pucciarelli, 534 F.3d 213 (4th Cir. 2008)
Gibbs v. Frank, 500 F.3d 202 (3d Cir. 2007)
United States v. Flores, 454 F.3d 149 (3d Cir. 2006)
United States v. Newsome, 439 F.3d 181 (3d Cir. 2006)
al-Marri ex rel. Berman v. Wright, 443 F. Supp. 2d 774 (D.S.C. 2006)
Al-Joudi v. Bush, 406 F. Supp. 2d 13 (D.D.C. 2005)
Al-Marri v. Hanft, 378 F. Supp. 2d 673 (D.S.C. 2005)
United States v. Pelullo, 399 F.3d 197 (3d Cir. 2005)
Gary v. Air Group, Inc., 397 F.3d 183 (3d Cir. 2005)
Gibbs v. Frank, 387 F. 3d 268 (3d Cir. 2004)
In re Pharm. Indus. AWP Lit., 339 F. Supp.2d 165 (D. Mass. 2004)
In re Pharm. Indus. AWP Lit., 321 F. Supp.2d 187 (D. Mass 2004)
Biomet, Inc. v. Stryker, 2004 WL 769358 (N.D. Ill. Apr. 9, 2004)
New Jersey v. Milne, 842 A.2d 140 (N.J. 2004)
Al-Marri v. Rumsfeld, 360 F.3d 707 (7th Cir. 2004)
In re Pharm. Indus. AWP Lit., 307 F. Supp.2d 196 (D. Mass. 2004)
New Jersey v. Corriero, 814 A.2d 1127 (N.J. App. Div. 2003)
al-Marri v. Bush, 274 F. Supp. 2d 1003 (C.D. Ill. 2003)
New Jersey v. Milne, 810 A.2d 588 (N.J. App. Div. 2002)
United States v. Christopher, 273 F. 3d 294 (3d Cir. 2001)
United States v. Spinello, 265 F. 3d 150 (3d Cir. 2001)
United States v. Mathis, 264 F. 3d 321 (3d Cir. 2001)
United States v. Geevers, 226 F.3d 186 (3d Cir. 2000)
United States v. Spinello, 95 F. Supp. 2d 242 (D.N.J. 2000)
Prudential Prop. & Cas. Ins. Co. v. Nardone, 752 A.2d 859 (N.J. Super. Ct. 2000)
Waterman v. Farmer, 84 F. Supp. 2d 579 (D.N.J. 2000)
United States v. Nathan, 188 F.3d 190 (3d Cir. 1999)
United States v. Smith, 186 F.3d 290 (3d Cir. 1999)
Waterman v. Farmer, 183 F.3d 208 (3d Cir. 1999)
Rouse v. Plantier, 182 F.3d 192 (3d Cir. 1999)
United States v. Sherman, 160 F.3d 967 (3d Cir. 1998)
United States v. Cianci, 154 F.3d 106 (3d Cir. 1998)
Waterman v. Verniero, 12 F. Supp. 2d 378 (D.N.J. 1998)
Waterman v. Verniero, 12 F. Supp. 2d 364 (D.N.J. 1998)
Rouse v. Plantier, 997 F. Supp. 575 (D.N.J. 1998)
United States v. Smith, 992 F. Supp. 743 (D.N.J. 1998)
United States v. McBroom, 991 F. Supp. 445 (D.N.J. 1998)
Rouse v. Plantier, 987 F. Supp. 302 (D.N.J. 1997)
United States v. McBroom, 124 F.3d 533 (3d Cir. 1997)
United States v. Smith, 123 F.3d 140 (3d Cir. 1997)
New Jersey v. Afanador, 697 A.2d 529 (N.J. 1997)
In re Banas, 675 A.2d 641 (N.J. 1996)
New York v. Finnigan, 644 N.Y.S.2d 1009 (App. Div. 1996)
New York v. Ortiz, 637 N.Y.S.2d 741 (App. Div. 1996)

Prior Experience

  • Gibbons, P.C., Newark, NJ
    • Partner, 2001 – 2007
    • Associate, 1995 – 2001
  • Weil Gotshal & Manges, New York, NY
    • Associate, 1994 – 1995
  • Hon. Leonard I. Garth, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, Newark, N.J.
    • Clerk, 1993 – 1994

Civic & Charitable Activities

  • Forest Creatures Foundation, Director, 2020 – 2022
  • Pony Power Therapies, Board Member, 2013 – 2022
  • Radburn Association, Trustee, 2003 – 2006
  • Ahavat Achim Orthodox Congregation of Fair Lawn
    • President, 2003 – 2006
    • Treasurer, 2011 – 2013
    • Financial Secretary, 2002 – 2003
    • Trustee, 2000 – 2002, 2006 – 2008
  • Gerrard Berman Day School, Oakland, NJ, Trustee, 2001 – 2005


  • Columbia Law School, J.D., 1993
  • Tufts University, The Fletcher School of Law & Diplomacy, M.A., Int’l Law & Diplomacy, 1990
  • Tufts University, B.A., magna cum laude, 1990


  • Hon. Leonard I. Garth, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, 1993 – 1994


  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • Vermont
  • U.S. Supreme Court
  • U.S. Courts of Appeals
    • Second Circuit
    • Third Circuit
    • Seventh Circuit
    • Federal Circuit
  • U.S. District Courts
    • District of New Jersey
    • Southern District of New York
    • Eastern District of New York
    • Northern District of New York
    • Western District of New York
    • District of the District of Columbia
    • Northern District of Illinois
    • Central District of Illinois
    • Eastern District of Michigan
    • District of Vermont